Publications with HAMMOZ

To be completed!!


  • Jordan, G., Malavelle, F., Chen, Y., Peace, A., Duncan, E., Partridge, D. G., Kim, P., Watson-Parris, D., Takemura, T., Neubauer, D., Myhre, G., Skeie, R., Laakso, A., and Haywood, J.: How well are aerosol–cloud interactions represented in climate models? – Part 1: Understanding the sulfate aerosol production from the 2014–15 Holuhraun eruption, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 1939–1960,, 2024.


  • Fadnavis, S., Heinold, B., Sabin, T.P., Kubin, A., Huang, W.T.K., Rap, A., and Müller, R.: Air pollution reductions caused by the COVID-19 lockdown open up a way to preserve the Himalayan snow cover, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 10439–10449,, 2023.
  • Miinalainen, T., Kokkola, H., Lipponen, A., Hyvärinen, A.-P., Soni, V. K., Lehtinen, K. E. J., and Kühn, T.: Assessing the climate and air quality effects of future aerosol mitigation in India using a global climate model combined with statistical downscaling, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 3471–3491,, 2023.
  • Senf, F., Heinold, B., Kubin, A., Müller, J., Schrödner, R., and Tegen, I.: How the extreme 2019–2020 Australian wildfires affected global circulation and adjustments , Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 8939–8958,, 2023.
  • Tully, C., Neubauer, D., and Lohmann, U.: Assessing predicted cirrus ice properties between two deterministic ice formation parameterizations, Geosci. Model Dev., 16, 2957–2973,, 2023.
  • Tully, C., Neubauer, D., Villanueva, D., and Lohmann, U.: Does prognostic seeding along flight tracks produce the desired effects of cirrus cloud thinning?, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 7673–7698,, 2023.


  • Harder P., Watson-Parris, D., Stier, P., Strassel, D., Gauger, N.R. and Keuper, J.: Physics-informed learning of aerosol microphysics , Environmental Data Science, 1: e20, 1–8, doi:10.1017/eds.2022.22, 2022
  • Heinold, B., Baars, H., Barja, B., Christensen, M., Kubin, A., Ohneiser, K., Schepanski, K., Schutgens, N., Senf, F., Schrödner, R., Villanueva, D., and Tegen, I.: Important role of stratospheric injection height for the distribution and radiative forcing of smoke aerosol from the 2019–2020 Australian wildfires, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 9969–9985,, 2022.
  • Holopainen, E., Kokkola, H., Faiola, C., Laakso, A., & Kühn, T. (2022). Insect herbivory caused plant stress emissions increases the negative radiative forcing of aerosols. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 127, e2022JD036733., 2022
  • Kasim, M.F., Watson-Parris, D., Deaconu, L., Oliver, S., Hatfield, P., Froula, D.H., Gregori, G., Jarvis, M., Khatiwala, S., Korenaga, J., Topp-Mugglestone, J., Viezzer, E. and Vinko, S.M.: Building high accuracy emulators for scientific simulations with deep neural architecture search , Mach. Learn.: Sci. Technol. 3 015013, 2022
  • Laakso, A., Niemeier, U., Visioni, D., Tilmes, S., and Kokkola, H.: Dependency of the impacts of geoengineering on the stratospheric sulfur injection strategy - Part 1: Intercomparison of modal and sectional aerosol modules, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 93–118,, 2022
  • Leinonen, V., Kokkola, H., Yli-Juuti, T., Mielonen, T., Kühn, T., Nieminen, T., Heikkinen, S., Miinalainen, T., Bergman, T., Carslaw, K., Decesari, S., Fiebig, M., Hussein, T., Kivekäs, N., Krejci, R., Kulmala, M., Leskinen, A., Massling, A., Mihalopoulos, N., Mulcahy, J. P., Noe, S. M., van Noije, T., O'Connor, F. M., O'Dowd, C., Olivie, D., Pernov, J. B., Petäjä, T., Seland, Ø., Schulz, M., Scott, C. E., Skov, H., Swietlicki, E., Tuch, T., Wiedensohler, A., Virtanen, A., and Mikkonen, S.: Comparison of particle number size distribution trends in ground measurements and climate models, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 12873–12905,, 2022
  • Georgios A. Kelesidis, David Neubauer, Liang-Shih Fan, Ulrike Lohmann, and Sotiris E. Pratsinis: Enhanced Light Absorption and Radiative Forcing by Black Carbon Agglomerates, Environmental Science & Technology, 56 (12), 8610-8618,, 2022
  • Proske, U., Ferrachat, S., Neubauer, D., Staab, M., and Lohmann, U.: Assessing the potential for simplification in global climate model cloud microphysics, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 4737–4762,, 2022
  • Salzmann, M., Ferrachat, S., Tully, C., Münch, S., Watson-Parris, D., Neubauer, D., Siegenthaler-Le Drian, C., Rast, C., Heinold, B., Crueger, T., Brokopf, R., Mülmenstädt, J., Quaas, J., Wan, H., Zhang, K., Lohmann, U., Stier, P., Tegen, I.: The global atmosphere-aerosol model ICON-A-HAM2.3–Initial model evaluation and effects of radiation balance tuning on aerosol optical thickness, Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 14, e2021MS002699,, 2022
  • Tully, C., Neubauer, D., Omanovic, N., and Lohmann, U.: Cirrus cloud thinning using a more physically based ice microphysics scheme in the ECHAM-HAM general circulation model , Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 11455–11484,, 2022 .
  • Villanueva, D., Possner, A., Neubauer, D., Gasparini, B., Lohmann, U. and Tesche, M.: Mixed-phase regime cloud thinning could help restore sea ice, Env. Res. Let. 17 114057,, 2022
  • Whaley, C.H., Mahmood, R., von Salzen, K., Winter, B., Eckhardt, S., Arnold, S., Beagley,S., Becagli, S., Chien, R.-Y., Christensen, J., Damani, S.M., Dong, X., Eleftheriadis, K., Evangeliou, N., Faluvegi, G., Flanner, M., Fu, J.S., Gauss, M., Giardi, F., Gong, W., Hjorth, J.L., Huang, L., Im, U., Kanaya, Y., Krishnan, S., Klimont, Z., Kühn, T., Langner, J., Law, K.S., Marelle, L., Massling, A., Olivié, D., Onishi, T., Oshima, N., Peng, Y., Plummer, D.A., Popovicheva, O., Pozzoli, L., Raut, J-C., Sand,M., Saunders, L.N., Schmale, J., Sharma, S., Skeie, R.B., Skov, H., Taketani, F., Thomas, M.A., Traversi, R., Tsigaridis, K., Tsyro, S., Turnock, S., Vitale, V., Walker, K.A., Wang, M., Watson-Parris, D., and Weiss-Gibbons, T.: Model evaluation of short-lived climate forcers for the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme: a multi-species, multi-model study, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 5775–5828,, 2022.
  • Zhong, Q., Schutgens, N., van der Werf, G.R., van Noije, T., Bauer, S.E., Tsigaridis, K., Mielonen, T., Checa-Garcia, R., Neubauer, D., Kipling, Z., Kirkevåg, A., Olivié, D.J.L., Kokkola, H., Matsui, H., Ginoux, P., Takemura, T., Le Sager, P., Rémy, S., Bian, H. and Chin, M.: Using modelled relationships and satellite observations to attribute modelled aerosol biases over biomass burning regions. Nat Commun 13, 5914., 2022
  • Zhong, Q., Schutgens, N., van der Werf, G., van Noije, T., Tsigaridis, K., Bauer, S.E., Mielonen, T., Kirkevåg, A., Seland, Ø., Kokkola, H., Checa-Garcia, R., Neubauer, D., Kipling, Z., Matsui, H., Ginoux, P., Takemura, T., Le Sager, P., Rémy, S., Bian, H., Chin, M., Zhang, K., Zhu, J., Tsyro, S.G., Curci, G., Protonotariou, A., Johnson, B., Penner, J.E., Bellouin, N., Skeie, R.B., and Myhre, G.: Satellite-based evaluation of AeroCom model bias in biomass burning regions, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 11009–11032,, 2022


  • Brown, H., Liu, X., Pokhrel, R., Murphy, S., Lu, Z., Saleh, R., Mielonen, T., Kokkola, H., Bergman, T., Myhre, G., Skeie, R.B., Watson-Paris, D., Stier, P., Johnson, B., Bellouin, N., Schulz, M., Vakkari, V., Beukes, J.P., van Zyl, P.G., Liu, S. and Chand, D.: Biomass burning aerosols in most climate models are too absorbing., Nat Commun 12, 277., 2021
  • Gliß, J., Mortier, A., Schulz, M., Andrews, E., Balkanski, Y., Bauer, S. E., Benedictow, A. M. K., Bian, H., Checa-Garcia, R., Chin, M., Ginoux, P., Griesfeller, J. J., Heckel, A., Kipling, Z., Kirkevåg, A., Kokkola, H., Laj, P., Le Sager, P., Lund, M. T., Lund Myhre, C., Matsui, H., Myhre, G., Neubauer, D., van Noije, T., North, P., Olivié, D. J. L., Rémy, S., Sogacheva, L., Takemura, T., Tsigaridis, K., and Tsyro, S. G., AeroCom phase III multi-model evaluation of the aerosol life cycle and optical properties using ground- and space-based remote sensing as well as surface in situ observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 87–128,, 2021.
  • Keeble, J., Hassler, B., Banerjee, A., Checa-Garcia, R., Chiodo, G., Davis, S., Eyring, V., Griffiths, P. T., Morgenstern, O., Nowack, P., Zeng, G., Zhang, J., Bodeker, G., Burrows, S., Cameron-Smith, P., Cugnet, D., Danek, C., Deushi, M., Horowitz, L. W., Kubin, A., Li, L., Lohmann, G., Michou, M., Mills, M. J., Nabat, P., Olivié, D., Park, S., Seland, Ø., Stoll, J., Wieners, K.-H., and Wu, T., Evaluating stratospheric ozone and water vapour changes in CMIP6 models from 1850 to 2100, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 5015–5061,, 2021.
  • Pelucchi, P., Neubauer, D., and Lohmann, U., Vertical grid refinement for stratocumulus clouds in the radiation scheme of the global climate model ECHAM6.3-HAM2.3-P3, Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 5413–5434,, 2021.
  • Proske, U., Bessenbacher, V., Dedekind, Z., Lohmann, U., and Neubauer, D., How frequent is natural cloud seeding from ice cloud layers ( < −35 °C) over Switzerland?, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 5195–5216,, 2021.
  • Sand, M., Samset, B.H., Myhre, G., Gliß, J., Bauer, S.E., Bian, H., Chin, M., Checa-Garcia, R., Ginoux, P., Kipling. Z., Kirkevåg, A., Kokkola, H., Le Sager, P., Lund, M.T., Matsui, H., van Noije, T., Olivié, D.J.L., Rémy, S., Schulz, M., Stier, P., Stjern, C.W., Takemura, T., Tsigaridis, K., Tsyro, S.G., and Watson-Parris, D.: Aerosol absorption in global models from AeroCom phase III, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 15929–15947,, 2021
  • Su, W., Liang, L., Myhre, G., Thorsen, T. J., Loeb, N. G., Schuster, G. L., P. Ginoux, F. Paulot, D. Neubauer, R. Checa-​Garcia, H. Matsui, K. Tsigaridis, R. B. Skeie, T. Takemura, S. E. Bauer, M. Schulz, Understanding top-of-atmosphere flux bias in the AeroCom phase III models: A clear-sky perspective, Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 13, e2021MS002584., 2021.
  • Villanueva, D., Neubauer, D., Gasparini, B., Ickes, L., & Tegen, I., Constraining the impact of dust-driven droplet freezing on climate using cloud-top-phase observations, Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2021GL092687,, 2021.
  • Zhang, S., Stier, P., and Watson-Parris, D.: On the contribution of fast and slow responses to precipitation changes caused by aerosol perturbations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 10179–10197,, 2021


  • Allen, R. J., Turnock, S., Nabat, P., Neubauer, D., Lohmann, U., Olivié, D., Oshima, N., Michou, M., Wu, T., Zhang, J., Takemura, T., Schulz, M., Tsigaridis, K., Bauer, S. E., Emmons, L., Horowitz, L., Naik, V., van Noije, T., Bergman, T., Lamarque, J.-F., Zanis, P., Tegen, I., Westervelt, D. M., Le Sager, P., Good, P., Shim, S., O'Connor, F., Akritidis, D., Georgoulias, A. K., Deushi, M., Sentman, L. T., John, J. G., Fujimori, S., and Collins, W. J., Climate and air quality impacts due to mitigation of non-methane near-term climate forcers, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 9641–9663,, 2020.
  • Allen, R.J., Lamarque, J.-F., Watson-Parris, D., and Olivié, D.: Assessing California Wintertime Precipitation Responses to Various Climate Drivers, J. Geophys. Res. Atmospheres, 125, e2019JD031736., 2020
  • Gryspeerdt, E., Mülmenstädt, J., Gettelman, A., Malavelle, F. F., Morrison, H., Neubauer, D., Partridge, D. G., Stier, P., Takemura, T., Wang, H., Wang, M., and Zhang, K., Surprising similarities in model and observational aerosol radiative forcing estimates, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 613–623,, 2020.
  • Kühn, T., Kupiainen, K., Miinalainen, T., Kokkola, H., Paunu, V.-V., Laakso, A., Tonttila, J., Van Dingenen, R., Kulovesi, K., Karvosenoja, N., and Lehtinen, K. E. J., Effects of black carbon mitigation on Arctic climate, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 5527–5546,, 2020.
  • Lohmann, U., Friebel, F., Kanji, Z. A., Mahrt, F., Mensah, A. A., Neubauer, D., Future warming exacerbated by aged soot effect on cloud formation, Nat. Geosci., 13, 674–680,, 2020.
  • Mortier, A., Gliß, J., Schulz, M., Aas, W., Andrews, E., Bian, H., Chin, M., Ginoux, P., Hand, J., Holben, B., Zhang, H., Kipling, Z., Kirkevåg, A., Laj, P., Lurton, T., Myhre, G., Neubauer, D., Olivié, D., von Salzen, K., Skeie, R. B., Takemura, T., and Tilmes, S., Evaluation of climate model aerosol trends with ground-based observations over the last 2 decades – an AeroCom and CMIP6 analysis, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 13355–13378,, 2020.
  • Mülmenstädt, J., Nam, C., Salzmann, M., Kretzschmar, J., L'Ecuyer, T.S., Lohmann, U., Ma, P.-L., Myhre, G., Neubauer, D., Stier, P., Suzuki, K., Wang, M., Quaas, J., Reducing the aerosol forcing uncertainty using observational constraints on warm rain processes, Science Advances, 6 (22), art. no. EAAZ6433,, 2020.
  • Saponaro, G., Sporre, M. K., Neubauer, D., Kokkola, H., Kolmonen, P., Sogacheva, L., Arola, A., de Leeuw, G., Karset, I. H. H., Laaksonen, A., and Lohmann, U., Evaluation of aerosol and cloud properties in three climate models using MODIS observations and its corresponding COSP simulator, as well as their application in aerosol–cloud interactions, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 1607–1626,, 2020.
  • Turnock, S. T., Allen, R. J., Andrews, M., Bauer, S. E., Deushi, M., Emmons, L., Good, P., Horowitz, L., John, J. G., Michou, M., Nabat, P., Naik, V., Neubauer, D., O'Connor, F. M., Olivié, D., Oshima, N., Schulz, M., Sellar, A., Shim, S., Takemura, T., Tilmes, S., Tsigaridis, K., Wu, T., and Zhang, J., Historical and future changes in air pollutants from CMIP6 models, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 14547–14579,, 2020.
  • Wood, T., Maycock, A. C., Forster, P. M., Richardson, T. B., Andrews, T., Boucher, O., Myhre, G., Samset, B. H., Kirkevåg, A., Lamarque, J.-F., Mülmenstädt, J., Olivié, D., Takemura, T., and Watson-Parris, D.: The Southern Hemisphere Midlatitude Circulation Response to Rapid Adjustments and Sea Surface Temperature Driven Feedbacks , J. Clim., 33(22), 9673-9690 ,, 2022


  • Dietlicher, R., Neubauer, D., and Lohmann, U., Elucidating ice formation pathways in the aerosol–climate model ECHAM6-HAM2, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 9061–9080,, 2019.
  • Fanourgakis, G. S., Kanakidou, M., Nenes, A., Bauer, S. E., Bergman, T., Carslaw, K. S., Grini, A., Hamilton, D. S., Johnson, J. S., Karydis, V. A., Kirkevåg, A., Kodros, J. K., Lohmann, U., Luo, G., Makkonen, R., Matsui, H., Neubauer, D., Pierce, J. R., Schmale, J., Stier, P., Tsigaridis, K., van Noije, T., Wang, H., Watson-Parris, D., Westervelt, D. M., Yang, Y., Yoshioka, M., Daskalakis, N., Decesari, S., Gysel-Beer, M., Kalivitis, N., Liu, X., Mahowald, N. M., Myriokefalitakis, S., Schrödner, R., Sfakianaki, M., Tsimpidi, A. P., Wu, M., and Yu, F., Evaluation of global simulations of aerosol particle and cloud condensation nuclei number, with implications for cloud droplet formation, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 8591–8617,, 2019.
  • Friebel, F., Lobo, P., Neubauer, D., Lohmann, U., Drossaart van Dusseldorp, S., Mühlhofer, E., and Mensah, A. A., Impact of isolated atmospheric aging processes on the cloud condensation nuclei activation of soot particles, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 15545–15567,, 2019.
  • Neubauer, D., Ferrachat, S., Siegenthaler-Le Drian, C., Stier, P., Partridge, D. G., Tegen, I., Bey, I., Stanelle, T., Kokkola, H., and Lohmann, U., The global aerosol–climate model ECHAM6.3–HAM2.3 – Part 2: Cloud evaluation, aerosol radiative forcing, and climate sensitivity, Geosci. Model Dev., 12, 3609–3639,, 2019.
  • Schacht, J., Heinold, B., Quaas, J., Backman, J., Cherian, R., Ehrlich, A., Herber, A., Huang, W. T. K., Kondo, Y., Massling, A., Sinha, P. R., Weinzierl, B., Zanatta, M., and Tegen, I., The importance of the representation of air pollution emissions for the modeled distribution and radiative effects of black carbon in the Arctic, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 11159–11183,, 2019.
  • Tegen, I., Neubauer, D., Ferrachat, S., Siegenthaler-Le Drian, C., Bey, I., Schutgens, N., Stier, P., Watson-Parris, D., Stanelle, T., Schmidt, H., Rast, S., Kokkola, H., Schultz, M., Schroeder, S., Daskalakis, N., Barthel, S., Heinold, B., and Lohmann, U., The global aerosol–climate model ECHAM6.3–HAM2.3 – Part 1: Aerosol evaluation, Geosci. Model Dev., 12, 1643–1677,, 2019.


  • Dietlicher, R., Neubauer, D., and Lohmann, U., Prognostic parameterization of cloud ice with a single category in the aerosol-climate model ECHAM-HAM, Geosci. Model Dev., 11, 1557-1576,, 2018.
  • Gasparini, B., Meyer, A., Neubauer, D., Münch, S., and Lohmann, U., Cirrus Cloud Properties as Seen by the CALIPSO Satellite and ECHAM-HAM Global Climate Model, J. Clim. 31, p. 1983-2003., 2018.
  • Gilgen, A., Adolf, C., Brugger, S. O., Ickes, L., Schwikowski, M., van Leeuwen, J. F. N., Tinner, W., and Lohmann, U. Implementing microscopic charcoal particles into a global aerosol–climate model, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 11813-11829,, 2018.
  • Gilgen, A., Huang, W. T. K., Ickes, L., Neubauer, D., and Lohmann, U., How important are future marine and shipping aerosol emissions in a warming Arctic summer and autumn?, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 10521-10555,, 2018.
  • Huang, W. T. K., Ickes, L., Tegen, I., Rinaldi, M., Ceburnis, D., and Lohmann, U. Global relevance of marine organic aerosol as ice nucleating particles, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 11423-11445,, 2018.
  • Järvinen, E., Jourdan, O., Neubauer, D., Yao, B., Liu, C., Andreae, M. O., Lohmann, U., Wendisch, M., McFarquhar, G. M., Leisner, T., and Schnaiter, M., Additional global climate cooling by clouds due to ice crystal complexity, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 15767-15781,, 2018.
  • Kokkola, H., Kühn, T., Laakso, A., Bergman, T., Lehtinen, K. E. J., Mielonen, T., Arola, A., Stadtler, S., Korhonen, H., Ferrachat, S., Lohmann, U., Neubauer, D., Tegen, I., Siegenthaler-Le Drian, C., Schultz, M. G., Bey, I., Stier, P., Daskalakis, N., Heald, C. L., and Romakkaniemi, S., SALSA2.0: The sectional aerosol module of the aerosol–chemistry–climate model ECHAM6.3.0-HAM2.3-MOZ1.0 Geosci. Model Dev., 11, 3833-3863,, 2018.
  • Labbouz, L., Z. Kipling, P. Stier, and A. Protat, How Well Can We Represent the Spectrum of Convective Clouds in a Climate Model? Comparisons between Internal Parameterization Variables and Radar Observations. J. Atmos. Sci., 75, 1509–1524,, 2018.
  • Labordena, M., Neubauer, D., Folini, D., Patt, A., Lilliestam, J., Blue skies over China: The effect of pollution-control on solar power generation and revenues. PLoS ONE 13(11): e0207028., 2018.
  • Lohmann, U. and Neubauer, D., The importance of mixed-phase and ice clouds for climate sensitivity in the global aerosol–climate model ECHAM6-HAM2. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 8807-8828,, 2018.
  • Mielonen, T., Hienola, A., Kühn, T., Merikanto, J., Lipponen, A., Bergman, T., Korhonen, H., Kolmonen, P., Sogacheva, L., Ghent, D., Arola, A., de Leeuw, G., and Kokkola, H., Summertime aerosol radiative effects and their dependence on temperature over the southeastern USA, Atmosphere, 9(5), 180; ,, 2018
  • Stadtler, S., Simpson, D., Schröder, S., Taraborrelli, D., Bott, A., and Schultz, M., Ozone impacts of gas–aerosol uptake in global chemistry transport models, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 3147-3171,, 2018.
  • Stadtler, S., Kühn, T., Schröder, S., Taraborrelli, D., Schultz, M. G., and Kokkola, H., Isoprene-derived secondary organic aerosol in the global aerosol–chemistry–climate model ECHAM6.3.0–HAM2.3–MOZ1.0, Geosci. Model Dev., 11, 3235-3260,, 2018
  • Schultz, M. G., Stadtler, S., Schröder, S., Taraborrelli, D., Franco, B., Krefting, J., Henrot, A., Ferrachat, S., Lohmann, U., Neubauer, D., Siegenthaler-Le Drian, C., Wahl, S., Kokkola, H., Kühn, T., Rast, S., Schmidt, H., Stier, P., Kinnison, D., Tyndall, G. S., Orlando, J. J., and Wespes, C., The chemistry–climate model ECHAM6.3-HAM2.3-MOZ1.0, Geosci. Model Dev., 11, 1695-1723,, 2018.


  • Gasparini, B., Münch, S., Poncet, L., Feldmann, M., and Lohmann, U., Is increasing ice crystal sedimentation velocity in geoengineering simulations a good proxy for cirrus cloud seeding?, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 4871-4885,, 2017.
  • E. Gryspeerdt, J. Quaas, S. Ferrachat, A. Gettelman, S. Ghan, U. Lohmann, H. Morrison, D. Neubauer, D. G. Partridge, P. Stier, T. Takemura, H. Wang, M. Wang, K. Zhang, Constraining the instantaneous aerosol influence on cloud albedo, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 2017.
  • A. J. Henrot, T. Stanelle, S. Schroeder, C. Siengenthaler, D. Taraborrelli, M. G. Schultz, Implementation of the biogenic emission model MEGAN into the ECHAM6-HAMMOZ chemistry climate model. Basic results and sensitivity tests, Geosci. Model Dev., 10(2), 903-926,, 2017.
  • J.-S. Landry , A.-I. Partanen, H. D., Matthews, Carbon cycle and climate effects of forcing from fire-emitted aerosols, Environ. Res. Lett., 12, 025002,, 2017.
  • D. Neubauer, M. W. Christensen, C. A. Poulsen, U. Lohmann, Unveiling aerosol–cloud interactions – Part 2: Minimising the effects of aerosol swelling and wet scavenging in ECHAM6-HAM2 for comparison to satellite data, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 17, p. 13165-13185., 2017


  • Gasparini, B., and U. Lohmann, Why cirrus cloud seeding cannot substantially cool the planet, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, 4877–4893, doi:10.1002/2015JD024666, 2016.
  • Ghan S., M. Wang, S. Zhang, S. Ferrachat, A. Gettelman, J. Griesfeller, Z. Kipling, U. Lohmann, H. Morrison, D. Neubauer, D. G. Partridge, P. Stier, T. Takemura, H. Wang, K. Zhang, Challenges in constrainig anthropogenic aerosol effects on cloud radiative forcing using present-day spatiotemporal variability, PNAS, 1514036113v1-201514036, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1514036113, 2016.
  • Heinold, B., Tegen, I., Schepanski, K., and Banks, J. R., New developments in the representation of Saharan dust sources in the aerosol–climate model ECHAM6-HAM2, Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 765-777, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-765-2016, 2016.
  • A. Laakso, H. Kokkola, A.-I. Partanen, U. Niemeier, C. Timmreck, K. E. J. Lehtinen, H. Hakkarainen, and H. Korhonen, Radiative and climate impacts of a large volcanic eruption during stratospheric sulfur geoengineering, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 305-323, doi:10.5194/acp-16-305-2016, 2016.
  • S. Zhang, M. Wang, S. J. Ghan, A. Ding, H. Wang, K. Zhang, D. Neubauer, U. Lohmann, S. Ferrachat, T. Takeamura, A. Gettelman, H. Morrison, Y. H. Lee, D. T. Shindell, D. G. Partridge, P. Stier, Z. Kipling, C. Fu, On the characteristics of aerosol indirect effect based on dynamic regimes in global climate models, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 16, p. 2765-2783, doi: 10.5194/acp-16-2765-2016, 2016.


  • Bergman,T, Laaksonen, A, Korhonen, H., Malila, J., Dunne, E. M., Mielonen, T., Lehtinen, K. E. J., Kühn, T., Arola, A. and Kokkola, H., Geographical and Diurnal Features of Amine-Enhanced Boundary Layer Nucleation, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 120, 9606--9624, doi:10.1002/2015JD023181., 2015
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  • Fadnavis, S., Schultz, M. G., Semeniuk, K., Mahajan, A. S., Pozzoli, L., Sonbawne, S., Ghude, S. D., Kiefer, M., and Eckert, E.: Trends in peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN) in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere over southern Asia during the summer monsoon season: regional impacts, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 12725-12743, doi:10.5194/acp-14-12725-2014, 2014.
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  • Neubauer D., Lohmann U., Hoose C., and Frontoso, M. G., Impact of the representation of marine stratocumulus clouds on the anthropogenic aerosol effect, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 11997-12022, doi:10.5194/acp-14-11997-2014, (2014)
  • A.-I. Partanen, E. M. Dunne, T. Bergman, A. Laakso, H. Kokkola, J. Ovadnevaite, L. Sogacheva, D. Baisnée, J. Sciare, A. Manders, C. O'Dowd, G. de Leeuw, and H. Korhonen, Global modelling of direct and indirect effects of sea spray aerosol using a source function encapsulating wave state, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 11731-11752, doi:10.5194/acp-14-11731-2014, 2014.
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  • Zhang, K., Wan, H., Liu, X., Ghan, S. J., Kooperman, G. J., Ma, P.-L., Rasch, P. J., Neubauer, D., and Lohmann, U., Technical Note: On the use of nudging for aerosol–climate model intercomparison studies, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 8631-8645, doi:10.5194/acp-14-8631-2014, (2014)


  • Fadnavis S., Semeniuk K., Pozzoli L., Schultz M. G., Ghude S. D., Das S., Kakatkar R.: Transport of aerosols into the UTLS and their impact on the Asian monsoon region as seen in a global model simulation, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13(17), 8771-8786, doi:10.5194/acp-13-8771-2013, (2013)
  • Grandey, B. S., Stier, P., and Wagner, T. M., Investigating relationships between aerosol optical depth and cloud fraction using satellite, aerosol reanalysis and general circulation model data, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 3177-3184, doi:10.5194/acp-13-3177-2013, (2013)
  • Kipling, Z., Stier, P., Schwarz, J. P., Perring, A. E., Spackman, J. R., Mann, G. W., Johnson, C. E., and Telford, P. J., Constraints on aerosol processes in climate models from vertically-resolved aircraft observations of black carbon, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 5969-5986, doi:10.5194/acp-13-5969-2013, (2013)
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  • Partanen, A.-I., Laakso, A., Schmidt, A., Kokkola, H., Kuokkanen, T., Pietikäinen, J.-P., Kerminen, V.-M., Lehtinen, K. E. J., Laakso, L., and Korhonen, H.: Climate and air quality trade-offs in altering ship fuel sulfur content, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 12059-12071, doi:10.5194/acp-13-12059-2013, 2013.
  • Samset, B. H., Myhre, G., Schulz, M., Balkanski, Y., Bauer, S., Berntsen, T. K., Bian, H., Bellouin, N., Diehl, T., Easter, R. C., Ghan, S. J., Iversen, T., Kinne, S., Kirkevåg, A., Lamarque, J.-F., Lin, G., Liu, X., Penner, J. E., Seland, Ø., Skeie, R. B., Stier, P., Takemura, T., Tsigaridis, K., and Zhang, K., Black carbon vertical profiles strongly affect its radiative forcing uncertainty, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 2423-2434, doi:10.5194/acp-13-2423-2013, (2013)
  • Six, K.D., Silvia Kloster, Tatiana Ilyina, Stephen D. Archer, Kai Zhang, Ernst Maier-Reimer: Global warming amplified by reduced sulphur fluxes as a result of ocean acidification, Nature Climate Change, doi:10.1038/nclimate1981, (2013)
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  • Stuart, G. S., Stevens, R. G., Partanen, A.-I., Jenkins, A. K. L., Korhonen, H., Forster, P. M., Spracklen, D. V., and Pierce, J. R.: Reduced efficacy of marine cloud brightening geoengineering due to in-plume aerosol coagulation: parameterization and global implications, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 18679-18711, doi:10.5194/acpd-13-18679-2013, (2013)
  • Sudarchikova, N., Mikolajewicz, U., Timmreck, C., O'Donnell, D., Schurgers, G., Sein, D., and Zhang, K., Dust deposition in Antarctica in glacial and interglacial climate conditions: a modelling study, Clim. Past Discuss., 10, 3715-3753, doi:10.5194/cpd-10-3715-2014, 2014.
  • Tonttila, J., Räisänen, P., and Järvinen, H.: Monte Carlo-based subgrid parameterization of vertical velocity and stratiform cloud microphysics in ECHAM5.5-HAM2, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 7551-7565, doi:10.5194/acp-13-7551-2013, (2013)
  • Wan, H., Rasch, P. J., Zhang, K., Kazil, J., and Leung, L. R., Numerical issues associated with compensating and competing processes in climate models: an example from ECHAM-HAM, Geosci. Model Dev., 6, 861-874, doi:10.5194/gmd-6-861-2013, (2013)


  • Bergman, T., Kerminen, V.-M., Korhonen, H., Lehtinen, K. J., Makkonen, R., Arola, A., Mielonen, T., Romakkaniemi, S., Kulmala, M., and Kokkola, H., Evaluation of the sectional aerosol microphysics module SALSA implementation in ECHAM5-HAM aerosol-climate model, Geosci. Model Dev., 5, 845-868, doi:10.5194/gmd-5-845-2012, (2012)
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  • O'Donnell, D., Tsigaridis, K., and Feichter, J, Estimating the direct and indirect effects of secondary organic aerosols using ECHAM5-HAM, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 8635-8659, doi:10.5194/acp-11-8635-2011, (2011)
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  • Aghedo, A. M., S. Rast, and M. G. Schultz, Sensitivity of tracer transport to model resolution, forcing data and tracer lifetime in the general circulation model ECHAM5, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 3385–3396, (2010).
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  • Joos,H., Spichtinger, P. and Lohmann, U., Influence of a future climate on the microphysical and optical properties of orographic cirrus clouds in ECHAM5, J. Geophys. Res. 115, D19129 (2010).
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  • Pozzoli, L., I. Bey, S. Rast, M. G. Schultz, P. Stier, and J. Feichter, Trace gas and aerosol interactions in the fully coupled model of aerosol‐chemistry‐climate ECHAM5‐HAMMOZ: 1. Model description and insights from the spring 2001 TRACE‐P experiment, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D07308, doi:10.1029/2007JD009007, (2008).
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